THIS NOTICE OF PRIVACY PRACTICES ("NOTICE") DESCRIBES HOW WE MAY USE OR DISCLOSE
YOUR HEALTH INFORMATION AND HOW YOU CAN GET ACCESS TO SUCH INFORMATION. PLEASE READ
IT CAREFULLY. Your "health information," for purposes of this Notice, is generally any information that identifies you and is
created, received, maintained or transmitted by us in the course of providing health care items or services to you (referred to as
"health information" in this Notice).
We are required by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 ("HIPAA") and other applicable
laws to maintain the privacy of your health information, to provide individuals with this Notice of our legal duties and privacy
practices with respect to such information, and to abide by the terms of this Notice. We are also required by law to notify affected
individuals following a breach of their unsecured health information.
USES AND DISCLOSURES OF INFORMATION WITHOUT YOUR AUTHORIZATION
The most common reasons why we use or disclose your health information are for treatment, payment or health care
operations. Examples of how we use or disclose your health information for treatment purposes are: setting up an appointment for
you; testing or examining your eyes; prescribing glasses, contact lenses, or eye medications and faxing them to be filled; showing
you low vision aids; referring you to another doctor or clinic for care or low vision aids or services; or getting copies of your
health information from another professional that you may have seen before us. Examples of how we use or disclose your health
information for payment purposes are: asking you about your health or vision care plans, or other sources of payment; preparing
and sending bills or claims; and collecting unpaid amounts (either ourselves or through a collection agency or attorney). "Health
care operations" mean those administrative and managerial functions that we must carry out in order to run our office. Examples
of how we use or disclose your health information for health care operations are: financial or billing audits; internal quality
assurance; personnel decisions; participation in managed care plans; defense of legal matters; business planning; and outside
storage of our records.
OTHER DISCLOSURES AND USES WE MAY MAKE WITHOUT YOUR AUTHORIZATION OR CONSENT
In some limited situations, the law allows or requires us to use or disclose your health information without your consent
or authorization. Not all of these situations will apply to us; some may never come up at our office at all. Such uses or disclosures
• When a state or federal law mandates that certain health information be reported for a specific purpose;
• For public health purposes, such as contagious disease reporting, investigation or surveillance; and notices to and from
the federal Food and Drug Administration regarding drugs or medical devices;
• Disclosures to governmental authorities about victims of suspected abuse, neglect or domestic violence;
• Uses and disclosures for health oversight activities, such as for the licensing of doctors; for audits by Medicare or
Medicaid; or for investigation of possible violations of health care laws;
• Disclosures for judicial and administrative proceedings, such as in response to subpoenas or orders of courts or
• Disclosures for law enforcement purposes, such as to provide information about someone who is or is suspected to be a
victim of a crime; to provide information about a crime at our office; or to report a crime that happened somewhere
• Disclosure to a medical examiner to identify a dead person or to determine the cause of death; or to funeral directors to
aid in burial; or to organizations that handle organ or tissue donations;
• Uses or disclosures for health related research;
• Uses and disclosures to prevent a serious threat to health or safety;
• Uses or disclosures for specialized government functions, such as for the protection of the president or high ranking
government officials; for lawful national intelligence activities; for military purposes; or for the evaluation and health
of members of the foreign service;
• Disclosures of de-identified information;
• Disclosures relating to worker’s compensation programs;
• Disclosures of a "limited data set" for research, public health, or health care operations;
• Incidental disclosures that are an unavoidable by-product of permitted uses or disclosures;
• Disclosures to "business associates" and their subcontractors who perform health care operations for us and who
commit to respect the privacy of your health information in accordance with HIPAA;
Unless you object, we will also share relevant information about your care with any of your personal representatives who are
helping you with your eye care. Upon your death, we may disclose to your family members or to other persons who were
involved in your care or payment for heath care prior to your death (such as your personal representative) health information
relevant to their involvement in your care unless doing so is inconsistent with your preferences as expressed to us prior to your
SPECIFIC USES AND DISCLOSURES OF INFORMATION REQUIRING YOUR AUTHORIZATION
The following are some specific uses and disclosures we may not make of your health information without your
Marketing activities. We must obtain your authorization prior to using or disclosing any of your health information for
marketing purposes unless such marketing communications take the form of face-to-face communications we may make with
individuals or promotional gifts of nominal value that we may provide. If such marketing involves financial payment to us from a
third party your authorization must also include consent to such payment.
Sale of health information. We do not currently sell or plan to sell your health information and we must seek your authorization
prior to doing so.
Psychotherapy notes. Although we do not create or maintain psychotherapy notes on our patients, we are required to notify you
that we generally must obtain your authorization prior to using or disclosing any such notes.
YOUR RIGHTS TO PROVIDE AN AUTHORIZATION FOR OTHER USES AND DISCLOSURES
• Other uses and disclosures of your health information that are not described in this Notice will be made only with your
• You may give us written authorization permitting us to use your health information or to disclose it to anyone for any
• We will obtain your written authorization for uses and disclosures of your health information that are not identified in
this Notice or are not otherwise permitted by applicable law.
• We must agree to your request to restrict disclosure of your health information to a health plan if the disclosure is for
the purpose of carrying out payment or health care operations and is not otherwise required by law and such
information pertains solely to a health care item or service for which you have paid in full (or for which another person
other than the health plan has paid in full on your behalf).
Any authorization you provide to us regarding the use and disclosure of your health information may be revoked by you in
writing at any time. After you revoke your authorization, we will no longer use or disclose your health information for the
reasons described in the authorization. However, we are generally unable to retract any disclosures that we may have already
made with your authorization. We may also be required to disclose health information as necessary for purposes of payment for
services received by you prior to the date you revoked your authorization.
YOUR INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS
You have many rights concerning the confidentiality of your health information. You have the right:
• To request restrictions on the health information we may use and disclose for treatment, payment and
health care operations. We are not required to agree to these requests. To request restrictions, please send a written
request to us at the address below.
• To receive confidential communications of health information about you in any manner other than
described in our authorization request form. You must make such requests in writing to the address below.
However, we reserve the right to determine if we will be able to continue your treatment under such restrictive
• To inspect or copy your health information. You must make such requests in writing to the address below.
If you request a copy of your health information we may charge you a fee for the cost of copying, mailing or other
supplies. In certain circumstances we may deny your request to inspect or copy your health information, subject to
• To amend health information. If you feel that health information we have about you is incorrect or
incomplete, you may ask us to amend the information. To request an amendment, you must write to us at the address
below. You must also give us a reason to support your request. We may deny your request to amend your health
information if it is not in writing or does not provide a reason to support your request. We may also deny your request
if the health information:
o was not created by us, unless the person that created the information is no longer available to make the
o is not part of the health information kept by or for us,
o is not part of the information you would be permitted to inspect or copy, or
o is accurate and complete.
• To receive an accounting of disclosures of your health information. You must make such requests in
writing to the address below. Not all health information is subject to this request. Your request must state a time period
for the information you would like to receive, no longer than 6 years prior to the date of your request and may not
include dates before April 14, 2003. Your request must state how you would like to receive the report (paper,
• To designate another party to receive your health information. If your request for access of your health
information directs us to transmit a copy of the health information directly to another person the request must be made
by you in writing to the address below and must clearly identify the designated recipient and where to send the copy of
the health information.
Our contact person for all questions, requests or for further information related to the privacy of your health information is:
_Julie St.Pierre, CPOA
_Paula J. Green, CPO
If you think that we have not properly respected the privacy of your health information, you are free to complain to us or to the
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office for Civil Rights. We will not retaliate against you if you make a
complaint. If you want to complain to us, send a written complaint to the office contact person at the address, fax or E mail
shown above. If you prefer, you can discuss your complaint in person or by phone.
Changes to This Notice:
We reserve the right to change our privacy practices and to apply the revised practices to health information about you that we
already have. Any revision to our privacy practices will be described in a revised Notice that will be posted prominently in our
facility. Copies of this Notice are also available upon request at our reception area.
Notice Revised and Effective: August 31, 2013